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The traditional Indian system of construction is known as Vastu. This is a science designed and practiced by our ancients from the Vedic times and is based on sound principles of architecture. This lays down precise guidelines regarding all aspects of the construction of any building, be it residential or meant for any other purpose. Considering its importance, this system has been accorded the status of sacred scriptures and has been called Vastu Shastra.
Here, let us get to know about the Vastu aspects of some parts of the house like the door and the windows.
Doors are entrances to a structure, but Vastu holds them as gateways to destiny itself. This is the reason this architectural system deals with the subject of doors in good detail, laying down guidelines on its size, structure, and placement.
There may be many doors in a house or a building, but the principal one of these remains the main door. This performs the most critical function of all the doorways, and hence it is required that this occupies a pride of place among all doors – being bigger, stronger and grander. It is believed that a house with a beautiful main door can spread benefits like prosperity and joy to the people living there.
Next comes the placement of the main door and Vastu Shastra is quite clear about its most suitable positions in a house. Having the main door in some specific directions of the house is believed to spell auspiciousness for the home and its occupants, and the cardinal directions among these are the North and East. These apart, there are also specific positions in all the four sides of the plot, where the presence of the main door will be highly beneficial. These are – the region between the mid-point of East and the Northeast corner; from the mid-point of North and the Northeast corner; from the mid-point of South to the Southeast corner; and the region between the mid-point of West and the Northwest corner.
Though Ishan, the Northeast is definitely auspicious, it is better to refrain from having the main door at that precise corner, and instead position it slightly to the North of Northeast or the East of Northeast.
The main door of a house in any of the above positions can ensure all-round benefits to the occupants like wealth, health, education, good vocation, wisdom, reputation, progeny, peace, and happiness.
Vastu does not approve of any other position or direction for the main door and cautions that it may spell misfortune in many forms. The middle of the plot region also falls under this ‘no main door’ category. It should also be borne in mind never to have the main door in the extended or reduced portion of the plot.
It is also considered ideal to have a doorsill for the main door, as this can stop all the negativities outside the house itself and offer protection to the residents from their ill effects.
Vastu also suggests some other guidelines for the beneficial effects of the main door, and these include the following:
The door should be in a height that is greater than the people staying in the house, its height can be twice its breadth, and the width should not be less than about 4 feet. The main door should open only inwards, and ideally, it should be made up of 2 planks; the door should not be designed in such a way it touches the wall; and it can be adorned with pictures of divinities like Ganesha, Lakshmi, and Saraswati, or with auspicious images like conch, bells, Swastika, etc. for beneficial effects.
Vastu regards North and East as the most suitable directions for installation of windows, while South-Southeast and West-Northwest are also acceptable. Having windows in even numbers in a house, and in the same sizes and shapes will be advantageous. It will also be good if these are in pairs and open inside.
According to Vastu principles, a building should be surrounded by boundary walls, as this can protect the residents from afflictions like Vastu Dosha. Further, as per Vastu norms, leaving too much open space as compared to the covered or built-up area within a plot, is not advisable. The same principle applies to the maintenance of gardens also. The area of open space and garden put together should not be as much as four times that of the building, and this is for the financial well-being of the residents. It is also recommended to separate out the garden from the living area, by having a dividing-wall and an entry-exit gate.
The sacred scriptures prescribe fire ceremony, Abishekam (hydration ceremony), Pooja/Archana (Light and Sound ceremony), Yantra and Mantra (special sounds) as the ways to offer your prayer to the divine. Out of these, fire ceremony is the most evolved spiritual technology on earth to connect with the divine beings. Participate in the remedial services to clear your karma and receive the blessings.