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Pournami Vratham– Fasting on the Full Moon

Full Moon day is called Pournami or Poornima in South India. A Full Moon occurs when the Sun and the Moon are 180 degrees away from each other. On a Full Moon day, the Moon casts its illuminating radiance on earth all throughout the day, 24 hours. Praying the whole day will help one dissolve the bad negative karma of past lives and help change one`s destiny. It is a time for strengthening one`s positive energies through spiritual observances of prayer, meditation, recitation and fasting.


This lunar day is auspicious to perform or undertake new initiatives. Prayers and fasting are observed on these days by pious Hindus to gain the grace of the Divine Mother Goddess. Lord Sathyanarayana pooja and worship is also done on Full Moon days. Fasting is observed on this day from sunrise to sunset and one breaks the fast only when one has the sight of the Full Moon on this day. Ghee lamps are lit in the temples or at home after taking darshan of the Moon in full splendor. It is a day spent on spiritual development. Dips are made in holy rivers and ponds.

Importance of Fasting:

Fasting is supreme austerity. It is also called vrat. Worship of deities during this period of fasting helps a lot to attract their blessings and also help the mind to be calm and controlled. It can help elevate the consciousness from sensual to super consciousness, when attuned to their divine vibrations.

There are various types of fasting: Eka Bhukta (one meal is taken in the afternoon), Nakta Vrat (eating only once in the night), Upavaas (to fast completely and take only fruit).

In Full Moon days, food is taken only after the sight of the Full Moon.

Ways to observe Full Moon fast:

  • Wake up at Brahma muhurtha (4 a.m-6 a.m). This period of the day is called the “hour of Brahman “by the Rishis.The early hours of the morning are fully charged with prana or vital energy. This vital energy is needed by the body to nourish the cells and activate the six mystic energy centers of the body through meditation.
  • Take bath before 6.oo a.m and wear clean clothes.
  • Take care to clean the prayer altar and the surroundings of home.
  • Do away with useless chatter and observe periods of silence to go within.
  • Full Moon is an ideal time to pray for our pithrus or ancestors for their deliverance.

One must not eat anything except for fruits and milk during the day. Fasting helps to reduce the acid content in the system, reduce the rate of metabolism and increases endurance.

One should avoid salt, rice, pulses, wheat and grains.

  • In the evening, when the Full Moon appears on the sky, one should have a sight of this moon and then break the fast.
  • One should offer fresh flowers and fruits to the Goddess at home and light a lamp. Offerings of sweet milk pudding or rice pudding should be made to the Goddess.
  • Betel leaf if available can be placed in front of the Goddess. Sanskrit mantras from Lalitha Sahasranama can be recited on this day to earn immense merit.
  • An offering of kumkum should be made to the Goddess while mantras are recited. Kumkum is a symbol of auspiciousness.
  • After the prayers, arati should be shown to the Goddess to receive her abundant blessings.
  • On this day, charity can be done to the poor by feeding them or gifting clothes to the needy.
  • A poornima fast will bless one with wealth, health, abundance and longevity.

Full Moon days that fall these coming months are:

Ashadha Poornima – July 12th

Sravana Poornima – August 10th

Bhadrapada Poornima – September 9th

Aswija Poornima – October 8th

Karthika Poornima – November 7th

Margasira Poornima – December 6th


  1. thank u for the information

  2. I convey thanks to you for illuminating the importance of Pournami upavasam.

  3. Thanks for the details…it’s actually helpful

  4. Thanks for the information

  5. Thank you and i appropriate your detailed explanation.

  6. Thanks for information i stastified to read it

  7. Very informative, interesting, awareness based , bringing forth religious consciousness and happiness.

  8. Thank you for the useful information. God bless you in this noble work.

  9. When monthly cycle comes to any women in house we can do pooja or not in our house


  11. It is really amazing and good information.

  12. Apt guidance given to us to observe full moon prayer,offering and fasting . This will help us to perform pournami vratham systematically. Thank you very much.


  14. Definitely what I’ve been looking for. Thank you for this. God bless.

  15. Thank you for your feedback.

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