Marriage is a special and life-long bonding between a man and a woman. To ensure a happy and contented married life, our ancient system of horoscope matching offers great help in studying the compatibility between the boy and the girl contemplating for marriage. In this system, the horoscopes or birth charts of the boy and the girl are drawn based on their birth stars and moon signs to analyze the compatibility of their natal charts for a happy married life. For this reason, our ancient sages have penned down twenty Kootas or Poruthams (compatibility factors) to be studied during horoscope matching, of which only ten Poruthams are considered more important in present day. In some parts of India, only eight Kootas are considered for marriage. The twenty seven nakshatras or birth stars are arranged in an oval shape in the sky which constitutes the zodiac system. The zodiac transits around the nine planets, thus influencing the nature, life events and physical and mental attributes of individuals on Earth. Hence, it is very important to analyze the compatibility factors (Poruthams) of both the boy and the girl deciding to enter into married life.
Gana Porutham is the second amongst the ten Poruthams studied for a marriage, which considers the nature of both the boy and the girl to ensure compatibility in sensual life, post marriage. There are three different Ganas, namely Deva Ganam, Manushya Ganam and Rakshasa Ganam, each of them denoted by nine stars. Persons with Deva Ganam have a good and polite temperament, well-mannered, generous and affectionate and respect the virtues of life. Those under Manushya Ganam have a blend of both good as well as bad qualities in them. They can be both good-natured and exert anger and enmity based on the situation. People with Rakshasa Ganam are rude, aggressive and harsh to everyone and they can exert outright dominating behavior. Due to their unfriendly nature, they generally find it difficult to liaise with others and can rarely behave well with others.
|Deva Ganam Stars||Manushya Ganam Stars||Asura Ganam Stars|
If the stars of both the boy and the girl fall under Deva Ganam, then the match is considered ‘Ati Uttamam’ (extremely good). If both their stars are in Manushya Ganam, then the match is ‘Uttamam’ (good). If both their stars fall under Rakshasa Ganam, then the match is not recommended, as their marriage life will be distressing. If the star of the girl is under Deva Ganam and that of the boy is under Manushya Ganam or vice versa, then it becomes a secondary match and ‘madhyam’ (mediocre). If the boy’s star is in Rakshasa Ganam and the girl’s star is either in Deva or Manushya Ganam, then the match is ‘madhyam’. But if the girl’s star is in Rakshasa Ganam and the boy is in any other Ganam, then the match is not recommended and is called ‘Athamam’ (bad).