What is Vishwakarma Pooja?
Vishwakarma Pooja is the worship of Lord Vishwakarma, the architect of the Gods. The name ‘Vishwakarma’ comprises 2 words – ‘Vishwa’ meaning world/universe, and ‘Karma’ meaning ‘creator’. Hence, the name means ‘creator of the world’.
Origins of Vishwakarma
The origin of Lord Vishwakarma is mentioned in the Rigveda, which has two hymns dedicated to him. The idea of Lord Brahma emerging from Lord Vishnu’s navel and the Shiva Lingam come from the Vishwakarma Sukta.
Vishwakarma’s wife is Gritachi, and he has 3 daughters and 7 sons. His daughter, Sanjana, is married to the Sun God (Surya).
Vishwakarma was supposedly the chief architect of the Universe. Brahma was his father. He was the official architect of the Gods’ palaces and also designed all the flying chariots and the various divine weapons.
Vishwakarma Jayanti celebrates his birthday, and the Vishwakarma Pooja is performed on this day. All workers take a break from work on this day and worship their machines. They also take a resolution to improve their productivity, create novel things and come up with novel ideas.
Legend says that the Universe was born out of Vishwakarma’s navel. Another legend says that Vishwakarma came out of the Milky Ocean when the Devas and Asuras churned it. The Puranas claim that Vishwakarma designed Indralok or heaven, Lanka (kingdom of the demon king Ravana in the Treta Yug), Hastinapur (capital of the Kauravas, now in Meerut), and Indraprastha (capital of the Pandavas, now located near Delhi), Dwaraka (a city that Lord Krishna lived in, now in Gujarat). Mechanics, artisans, architects, welders, engineers, and other craftsmen worship him for prosperity and success.
He also created the divine weapons. A story goes that the Sudarshana Chakra of Lord Vishnu, the Trident or Trishul of Lord Shiva, and Lord Indra’s Vajra or thunderbolt were fashioned out of leftover stardust from the Sun.
It was Vishwakarma’s son, Nal, who supposedly built the Ram Setu or the bridge over the sea during Lord Rama’s expedition to Lanka. The Pushpak Vimana (flying chariot) of Ravana was created by Vishwakarma for Brahma. Lord Brahma gave it to Kubera (the God of wealth), who was Ravana’s half-brother. Later, Ravana got custody of it.
Birth of Lord Vishwakarma
Three stories talk about Vishwakarma’s birth.
One story says that when the Gods and Asuras churned the Milky Ocean, many precious things emerged from it, of which one was Vishwakarma. This day is observed as Vishwakarma Jayanti.
The second story says that Brahma had a son called Dharma, who had a son, Vaastu. Vishwakarma was the son of Vastu and his wife, Angirasi.
In the third version, found in the Vishwakarma Purana, he is self-manifested or Swayambhu.
How is Vishwakarma Depicted?
Lord Vishwakarma is usually portrayed as an old man with a white beard. He wears jewelry and has a flower garland around his neck. There is a golden crown on his head and a Tripundra on his forehead. In his four hands, he carries a measuring tape or a measuring scale, Kamandalu, and a book.
Vishwakarma and Brahma are closely associated. His vehicle is a swan, the same as Brahma. In some sculptures, he has three or four heads. The things in his hands may also vary. The face, too, looks younger in some sculptures.
Vishwakarma and Ravana’s palace
When Shiva wed Goddess Parvati, Vishwakarma built a beautiful golden palace for them. Shiva invited Ravana to perform the housewarming or Grihapravesh ceremony. When it was over, Shiva enquired what he wanted as Dakshina. Ravana, who was enchanted by the beauty of the palace, wanted the palace itself, and Shiva gave it to him.
The Creation of Dwaraka
Dwarka was the city Krishna moved to after leaving Mathura. At Krishna’s invitation, Vishwakarma built the city, and he took only one day to build it. So meticulous was his craftsmanship that even Lord Krishna could find no flaws in it.
Vishwakarma Jayanti falls on Kanya Sankranti, when the Sun moves from Simha Rashi (Leo) to Kanya Rashi (Virgo). This happens in Bhadrapada (Aug-Sept) month every year.
On this day, people who work with machines or tools, such as engineers, craftsmen, architects, artisans, mechanics, smiths, welders, etc., do not work. They spend this day to clean and worship their tools and machines. They also perform Vishwakarma Pooja to invoke Vishwakarma’s blessings.
Vishwakarma Pooja Rituals
- Pooja and rituals are performed both at workplaces and temples on this day.
- Place the idol of the deity along with the Pooja samagri in the Pooja area the previous night.
- On the Pooja day, clean the tools/instruments and sit facing the east.
- Chant Mantras.
- Light a diya and perform the Aarti.
- Take the Aarti to the room where the machines are. This is to get divine blessings for these machines and to prevent accidents while working.
- Apply some turmeric and vermilion on the machines for good luck.
- Then pray to Lord Vishwakarma.
- Immerse the idol in water the next morning.
- In places like West Bengal and Bihar, there is a kite-flying festival on the day of this Pooja. The entire sky is festooned with bright and colorful kites.
Mantra and Shloka of Vishwakarma
Om Aadhar Shaktapey Namah
Om Kumayi Namaha
Om Anantnam Namah
Prithviyayi Namah ||
Benefits of Vishwakarma Pooja
Performing Vishwakarma Pooja has many benefits.
- It brings success in career.
- It helps one gain movable assets.
- It enables one to buy a house or office.
- It attracts the blessings of Lord Vishwakarma.
- It helps create a positive atmosphere at home and office.
- Improves productivity at work.
- Makes the working environment secure.
- Gets rid of negativities that hinder work.
Vishwakarma Jayanti is also an ideal day to launch a new venture. Supposedly, starting a business on this day will be a success, especially if it is related to mechanical work or tools.