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Lord Vishwakarma is regarded as the God of Construction or Architecture. He is also a creator, somewhat similar to Lord Brahma, the Lord of Creation. Incidentally, Vishwakarma is also considered as the son of Lord Brahma.
Vishwakarma is the divine craftsman, a celestial engineer, a brilliant designer and an exceptional constructor. It is said that he is the source of all creativity, especially, artistic creativity, which then gets transmitted to the human consciousness. He is also regarded as the creator of Sthapathya Veda, the ancient text or Veda of architecture.
He is Vishwa Karma, the all-accomplishing entity. As per the ancient Rig Veda, Vishwakarma has eyes, mouth, arms and feet on all sides. However, he is generally portrayed as a mature individual with four hands, seated on a grand throne and adorned with a crown and ornaments. He is reddish in complexion and holds a water vessel, a text, a noose and an apparatus in his hands. In some depictions, he is also seen sitting on his mount, the white swan, similar to Lord Brahma.
Mythology associates all exceptional constructions with Vishwakarma and treats him virtually as being beyond time. Hence he appears in several Yugas, the epochs and also in many epics and narratives. He is said to be the one who designed and also created the entire universe as also our mother earth. His other creations include the Indralok or the heavens in the Sat Yuga, Sone Ki Lanka, Ravana’s magnificent capital Lanka in the midst of the ocean in the Treta Yuga, the majestic coastal town of Dwaraka, the capital of Lord Krishna and the grand Hastinapura and Indraprasta, the capital cities of both the warring cousins, the Kauravas and the Pandavas, in the Dwapara Yuga. He is also said to have designed the palaces for all the Gods and Devas, their chariots, weapons as well as their brilliant ornaments. The credit of designing and fabricating the immensely powerful Vajra Ayudha, the mighty weapon of Lord Indra, made out of the backbone of sage Dadhichi, also goes to this divine artisan only.
Vedas also regard him as the father of five great sages, each one of whom remained a pioneer of an art. These sons were considered the first skill workers in different fields like the woodworker, metalworker, goldsmith, bricklayer and the author.
Vishwakarma is worshipped with fervor by all those associated with any form of construction activities, like designing, engineering and architecture. It is believed that the Lord will bless the sincere devotees and impart them with the essence of this great science. This will increase the creative instincts and the skill in them and help them to move to greater heights in their chosen activities.
Vishwakarma Jayanthi, the day of birth of the Lord, is celebrated with enthusiasm by the skilled workers, the craftsmen and the artisans all over the country. Different regions observe this occasion on different days. Special pujas are also arranged especially in offices, where offerings are made to the idols or pictures of Vishwakarma, hymns in praise of him are chanted, prayers are done and arti is shown. This puja is also dedicated to the instruments and machines in the offices and factories.