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There were times when many countries of the world were ruled by other nations. These countries suffered great misfortune. However, the people began fighting against the foreign rule and got liberation at last. The day they got political independence and the right of self-rule is called their Independence Day. India too falls in this category.
Our country remained under the British rule for many centuries. People fought courageously against the rulers and even sacrificed their lives for liberty. At long last, India got independence on 15th of August, 1947. This day is celebrated as Independence Day.
The Constituent Assembly of India met in New Delhi on 14th August 1947. There, Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister, declared India an independent nation and delivered the historic ‘Trust with Destiny’ speech at midnight. Then, on the Independence of Day 15th August, he hoisted the national flag and addressed the nation, from the Red Fort. People all over the country celebrated this hard fought freedom with great passion. Indian Prime Ministers are still continuing to adhere to the practice of flying the national flag in Red Fort on the Independence Day. Chief Ministers also raise national flags in their state capitals. The event concludes with the national anthem. Armed forces hold march-pasts. Many organize cultural events, sing patriotic songs and give away sweets. Government offices and private organizations also do flag hoisting functions. On Independence Day eve, the President of India also gives his customary address. Independence day is a national holiday.
The English came first to India in early 17th century for doing business. Slowly, their firm, the East India Company acquired military power. They began fighting and conquering the Indian kings. Soon our country came under their control, to a large extent. Without right or freedom, people became slaves in their own country. But they started rising against the oppressive foreign rule. Mahatma Gandhi led a non-violent civil disobedience movement against British reign. At last, the English were forced to concede freedom to India. But along with this, the country got divided on communal lines as India and Pakistan. This resulted in terrible bloodbath. However, with independence has come democracy, where people rule themselves. This has resulted in our progress and all round betterment.