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Surya, the Sun God is the foremost of the Navagrahas, the nine planets of Hindu astrology. The Sun represents the self and has masculine energy. He is the ruler of the zodiac sign Leo and is the lord of the stars Krittika, Uttara Phalguni and Uttarashadha. He takes a month’s time to navigate each zodiac sign and he takes a year to come around all the 12 zodiac signs.
He is known by several names like Mitra, Ravi, Bhanu, Khaga, Pushan, Marichi, Aditya, Savitha, Arka and Bhaskara. He is also known as Ajan meaning self-created.
The Sun is a majestic planet possessing the qualities of conscience, intelligence, individuality, courage, government, royalty, higher office, devotion to God, leadership, ability to withstand suffering, immunity, fame, self-reliance, liberal attitude, honor, trustworthiness. He signifies father, status of King - holds power and authority, rules over respiration, mouth, throat, spleen in a human physique.
Surya, the Sun God is depicted with four hands, holding lotus flower, conch, Chakra a discus and Gada the mace. He is often portrayed as riding a chariot driven by 7 horses. These 7 horses represent the seven colors of the rainbow like red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. The 7 horses are also represented as 7 chakra centers in the subtle human body, the 7 days of the week.
If the Sun is well placed in the natal chart, the native will be bestowed with intelligence, strong will, character, vitality, authority, courage, confidence, and leadership. At the same time if the Sun is too strongly placed, it will result in pride, ego, and over confidence, self-centered attitude, etc. However a weakly placed Sun may turn a person into a weak being due to lack of confidence, low-self-esteem, meekness, dominated by others, lack of energy, etc.
The sacred text of Surya is the Aditya Hridayam Stotram, which is a hymn in glorification and praise of him as the ruler of the universe, remover of all diseases and the repository of peace. This prayer is considered the best amongst the various verses of Lord Surya. Devotees believe regular chanting of the hymn, will be helpful in washing away of all sins, dispel all doubts, remove worries and sorrows, blessings of complete prosperity.
Festivals like Pongal or Makara Sankaranti, Ratha Saptami, Chath, Samba Dasami are the important festivals dedicated to Surya. There are various temples dedicated to the Sun God. The most powerful ones are the Suryanar Temple in the Southern part of India and the Konark Sun temple in the North East part of India.
The day of the week for the Sun god is Sunday, the precious gem is Ruby, significant flowers are the Red lotus, Hibiscus, Red oleander, Wheat / broken wheat, the grain for the Sun. He is always draped in red color cloth.
In order to gain the blessings of the Sun, one must worship him, everyday in the morning having a bath, should look at this direction, offer water to him and pay salutations by chanting his mantras.
The sacred scriptures prescribe fire ceremony, Abishekam (hydration ceremony), Pooja/Archana (Light and Sound ceremony), Yantra and Mantra (special sounds) as the ways to offer your prayer to the divine. Out of these, fire ceremony is the most evolved spiritual technology on earth to connect with the divine beings. Participate in the remedial services to clear your karma and receive the blessings.