Aadi is a holy month in the Tamil calendar marked with festivals and worship. Aadi falls in mid-July to mid-August. This month is called Ashaada in Sanskrit and karkataka in Malayalam. Aadi marks the beginning of the time, when the Sun takes its journey towards south or Dakshinayana. This period extends to next six months, which is the night of the Devas.
Time to worship Mother Nature
It is the start of the agricultural season for farmers. After a long dry spell during summer season, this period marks the beginning of monsoons, where the water bodies overflow in abundance.
People revere nature and offer worship to rivers for sustaining life on earth. Farmers worship the rivers for good harvest and pray that they flow in plenty always.
It is the time of sowing and planting seeds. Cultivation of crops is possible during the monsoon period.
Rivers are considered holy and looked upon as deities. Offerings are made to them to fulfill vows of marriage, fertility and good life. Sacred rivers like Ganges, Godavari, Narmada, Krishna, Yamuna and Cauvery are worshipped on this day to revere water as nature`s grace.
Aadi Perukku and River Cauvery
Aadi Perukku is a famous Tamil festival celebrated along river-beds, lakes and wells. Traditionally, this festival is celebrated along the Cauvery river belt. Celebrations take place in these places where food offerings of colored rice, flowers, betel leaves, and lighted earthen lamps on mango leaves are offered to Goddess Cauvery for fulfillment of vows.
Aadi Perukku falls on the 18th day of the month of Aadi. This year it falls on Aug 3, 2015. River Cauvery also known as `Dakshina Ganga` is worshipped on this day to seek her blessings of good fortune. It is believed that the waters of the river rise to its levels significantly on this day.
Many take a dip in rivers and rituals are performed by women in these places for protection against all evil and divine blessings of good life. Women also make lamps of rice flour and jaggery and use ghee to light lamps. They float them in the river for blessings of longevity of husbands.
Many women in rural South India grow navadhanyas or nine varieties of seeds in earthen pots and let them sprout. On this day of Aadi Perukku, they float them in rivers for blessings of fertility, good harvest, plenty of rainfall, prosperity. It is called `mulaipari` or germination of seeds. It is a water ritual conducted to pay tribute to nature`s bounty.
Legend of Aadi Perukku
Hindu sacred scriptures mention Goddess Parvati as Gomati prayed to Lord Shiva to be blessed with a vision of Shiva and Vishnu together. Shiva appeared to her on this day of Aadi Perukku as SankaraNarayana in a place called Sankarankovil.
Hence, the day is auspicious for all material and spiritual pursuits. It is the day to see your wishes fulfilled and abundance to touch your lives.
Goddess Parvati is worshipped in this month with special rituals. She is offered 18 types of rice dishes.
Spiritual significance of Aadi Perukku
Aadi Perukku has a spiritual significance of promising abundance into a person`s life when prayers are offered to the Mother Goddess on this day of rising.
It is also believed that the day is highly auspicious to start new ventures or open new bank accounts or buy jewelry. Whatever done on this day is bound to grow manifold just like the rising and overflow of the river.