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All About Magha Purnima 2023

Purnima, or full moon day, is an important day for Hindus. In Vedic astrology, the Moon signifies the mind, serenity, spirituality, etc. Magha Purnima, or the full moon in Magha month (Jan – Feb), is perfect for spiritual activities. It is a day to perform Pooja, austerities, and acts of charity to please the gods and goddesses. People also take holy baths in sacred rivers like the Ganga and Yamuna, Triveni Sangam (confluence point of Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati, temple Theerthams, etc. From Paush (Dec-Jan) Purnima to Magh Purnima, people take baths in holy rivers early in the morning to gain relief from many Doshas. They also give alms, donate cows, and perform Homas at Prayag.

Magha Purnima 2023: Date, day & tithi timings

According to the Hindu calendar, Magha Purnima 2023 is on February 5. The tithi starts at 09:29 PM on February 4, 2023, and ends at 11:58 PM on February 5, 2023.

magha purnima 2023

Significance of Magha Purnima

Magha month is so holy that every day in this month is special for charity-based activities. People observe Magha Purnima fast, bathe in holy rivers, donate to charitable organizations, and worship Vishnu and Hanuman during this month. Legend says that Vishnu dwells in the Ganges river on this day; hence touching the water in the river can cure one of diseases. Also, offering prayers on this day is believed to make one’s wishes come true.

There are many regional customs related to Magha Purnima. In Tamil Nadu, there is a unique “float” celebration. Decorated idols of deities like Goddess Meenakshi and her consort, Sundeshwarar, are displayed on floats. In North Indian cities like Allahabad and Prayag, the Magha Mela is held annually near the confluence of the Ganges (Ganga), Yamuna, and Saraswati rivers.

Another reason for Magha Purnima’s significance is that Buddhists claim that the Buddha announced his impending demise on this day. At the time of Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, and death, the earth shook in the same manner. Buddhists observe religious rituals, offer prayers, and donate to the needy on this day.

Magha Purnima Vrat Katha

In Kantika town lived a Brahmin called Dhaneshwar. He survived mostly on donations. Dhaneshwar and his wife had no children. When the latter asked for alms, people would refuse and insult her by calling her ‘Baanjh” or childless. Then, on someone’s advice, both of them worshipped Goddess Kali for 16 days. Pleased by their devotion, she asked them to demand a boon. They asked for a child.

The Goddess told Dhaneshwar’s wife to light a lamp on each Purnima day and add another to the following one. Both began to fast, and Dhaneshwar offered his wife a raw mango.

Soon, the Brahmin’s wife conceived. She lit lamps or diyas on each Purnima. In course of time, she gave birth to a son whom the couple named Devdas. When he became an adult, his maternal uncle sent him to Kashi for his education. Due to an incident that happened there, a false marriage was arranged for Devadas. He was forced to marry though he was not of marriageable age.

Vrat rituals for Magha Purnima

  • The most important ritual is to take a holy bath in a sacred river at sunrise.
  • Worship your Ishta Devta as well as Vishnu and Hanuman after the bath.
  • Devotees of Vishnu observe “Satyanarayana” fast. They should offer Neivedya to the deity and recite “Satyanarayana Katha.”
  • Also, perform Satyanarayana Pooja and offer fruits, supari, moli, til, banana leaves, incense sticks, and sandalwood paste to Vishnu.
  • At night, offer “Arghya” to the Moon God.
  • Hold Ramayana and Bhagavad Gita reading sessions.
  • Performing charitable deeds and donating food, money, clothes, and other things are also important. ‘Til’ is one of the ideal items to give during Magha month, as it can bring good fortune.
  • Magha Purnima in Astrology

    This day also has some astrological importance, as the Moon enters Cancer and the Sun enters Capricorn. The holy dip has the power to resolve issues related to the Sun and Moon. The month helps in seasonal adjustment as people gain power and strength.

    Hindus worship the Moon on this day. They do daan-punya activities and observe a fast.
    Taking a bath in holy rivers on the eve of Magha Purnima is deemed lucky, as one gets relief from current and previous sins by doing charitable activities.

    Get Rid of Pitru Dosha

    Pitru Dosha occurs in a person’s Kundli when:

  • The 9th house is under the influence of Rahu and Ketu.
  • Sun and Jupiter are influenced by Rahu or Ketu.
  • Sun conjuncts with Saturn or Rahu in the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 9th, 7th, or 10th houses.
  • Doing Tarpanam for ancestors helps overcome Pitru Dosha. So many perform Tarpanam for their ancestors on Magha Purnima.