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January has been named after the two-headed Roman God Janus. It is the first month of the year, according to the Gregorian calendar.
Janus is the God of all beginnings. He possesses the ability to see the past and the future. The month of January is the door into the new year and is the first of seven months to have 31 days.
India is a country with a divergent population comprising of numerous religions, cultures, communities, languages, traditions, and customs. The festivals celebrated across the country are diverse and reflect the rich and vibrant culture, history, and traditions of the country.
In accordance with the Hindu calendar, most festivals are celebrated based on the position of the Sun and the Moon. The festivals also defer according to the region and have different time zones. Most festivals include some significant days of fasting.
The first day of the year that falls on January 1st is generally celebrated across the world as the English New Year. The day is welcomed with celebrations on the eve of the New Year. Communities across the world usher in the New Year at different time zones, depending on the region or location. Other important festivals this month include the harvest festival of Pongal in South India, also celebrated as Lohri in Punjab, and Makar Sankranti across other parts of the country.