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karnas

Karanas (as part of Panchang)

A Karana is half of a Tithi (Moon Phase), so there are 60 Karanas in a lunar month. However, although there are 60 Karanas in a month, there are only 11 different kinds of Karanas. Unlike the Yogas of the Day, the Karanas do not rotate in an exact sequential pattern.

The Moon Phases are divided into two types: Waxing and Waning.

Waxing Moon (Shukla Paksha) runs from the 1st Waxing Moon until the Full Moon. During Waxing Moon phase, the Moon is “growing” and getting brighter with each phase.

Waning Moon (Krishna Paksha) runs from the 1st Waning Moon until the New Moon. During Waning Moon phase, the Moon is “shrinking” and getting darker with each phase.

The Karanas fall into two groups: moveable (chara) and fixed (sthira). There are 7 moveable Karanas, and they occur 8 times during a cycle starting from the second half of the 1st Tithi of the Waxing Moon (Shukla Paksha). They are known as “moveable” because they occur at different times through the cycle

There are 4 fixed Karanas, and they are always in the same place in the cycle, from the 2nd half of the 14th Waning Moon up to the 1st half of the 1st Waxing Moon.

The table below gives a list of the various Karanas and a keyword to suggest the energy of that Karana as well as the type of the Karana.

Name of Karana Keyword for the Karana’s Energy Type of Karana
Bava Creativity Moveable
Balava Spiritual Moveable
Kaulava Social Moveable
Taitila Steady Moveable
Gara Increased Effort Moveable
Vanija Mercantile Moveable
Vishti Inefficient Moveable
Shakuni Devious Fixed
Chatushpada Menial Fixed
Naga Mystical Fixed
Kintughna Destructive Fixed

The table below gives a list of the various Karanas and their timing for when they occur, including during which Tithi (Moon Phase), which half of the Tithi, and which kind of Moon Phase (whether Waxing or Waning).

# Shukla Paksha (Waxing Phase) Krishna Paksha (Waning Phase)
Moon Phase Tithi Name Which Half of the Tithi Karana Tithi Name Which Half of the Tithi Karana
1st Pratipat First ½ Kintughna Pratipat First ½ Balava
    Second ½ Bava   Second ½ Gara
2nd Dvitiya First ½ Baalava Dvitiya First ½ Taitila
    Second ½ Kaulava   Second ½ Kaulava
3rd Tritiya First ½ Taitila Tritiya First ½ Vanija
    Second ½ Gara   Second ½ Vishti
4th Chaturthi First ½ Vanija Chaturthi First ½ Bava
    Second ½ Vishti   Second ½ Balava
5th Panchami First ½ Bava Panchami First ½ Kaulava
    Second ½ Balava   Second ½ Taitila
6th Shashti First ½ Kaulava Shasti First ½ Gara
    Second ½ Taitila   Second ½ Vanija
7th Saptami First ½ Saptami Gara First ½ Vishti
    Second ½   Vanija Second ½ Bava
8th Ashtami First ½ Ashtami Vishti First ½ Balava
    Second ½   Bava Second ½ Kaulava
9th Navami First ½ Navami Balava First ½ Taitila
    Second ½   Kaulava Second ½ Gara
10th Dasani First ½ Dasani Taitila First ½ Vanija
    Second ½   Gara Second ½ Vishti
11th Ekadsai First ½ Ekadsai Vanija First ½ Bava
    Second ½   Vishti Second ½ Balava
12th Dvadashi First ½ Dvadashi Bava First ½ Kaulava
    Second ½   Balava Second ½ Taitila
13th Trayodasi First ½ Trayodasi Kaulava First ½ Gara
    Second ½   Taitila Second ½ Vanija
14th Chaturdasi First ½ Chaturdasi Gara First ½ Vishti
    Second ½   Vanija Second ½ Shakuni
15th Purnima (Full Moon) First ½ Amavasya (New Moon) Vishti First ½ Chatushpada
    Second ½   Bava Second ½ Naga